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Benefits of a Vulnerability Management Process

Vulnerability Management

What is a vulnerability management process? Basically, it involves identifying, monitoring, and correcting vulnerabilities in a system. After vulnerabilities have been identified, the system is updated, patches, and workarounds are applied. The cycle is repeated as new vulnerabilities are discovered. This allows a system to stay up to date, while also decreasing vulnerabilities that are difficult to detect or are easy to overlook. Here are some benefits of a vulnerability management process.

The discovery step focuses on inventorying assets and identifying details, including the underlying network. Authenticated agent-based system scans should also be performed. Once the discovery process is complete, the vulnerabilities should be categorized and assigned a risk-based priority. The next step is the assessment, which determines the risk level of the discovered assets. The assessment provides a baseline to measure improvements over time.

A vulnerability assessment is just the first step in the vulnerability management process. To assess the vulnerability levels, most companies use vulnerability scanning tools to gather information on devices. These tools can compare a device’s software version to a list of known vulnerabilities. Multiple tools may be required to cover the range of software in use. Companies typically schedule scans to run at specific intervals. Once the scans are complete, they use a vulnerability list that is typically exported as a spreadsheet.

Benefits of a Vulnerability Management Process

Another important step in a vulnerability management process is to compile assets. This inventory should be continuously updated to identify software errors and prioritize them. Having an accurate inventory of vulnerabilities also improves decision-making within the cybersecurity team. As vulnerabilities become more prevalent, the process should be ongoing and continually updated. A common vulnerability scoring system (CVSS) is used to rank software vulnerabilities. By monitoring the severity of vulnerabilities, the process can help identify the most dangerous vulnerabilities.

The vulnerability management process involves three main elements. A vulnerability scanner identifies various systems on a network and probes for different attributes, associating known vulnerabilities with scanned systems. The final data is presented in reports, metrics, or dashboards. In some cases, the dashboards are interactive and provide quick and easy access to relevant information. For more information about the vulnerability management process, please visit the CCNA website or the CVSS Web page.

After the scanning process is complete, it is important to validate that the vulnerability has been addressed. This is a good way to determine if the highest-priority risks have been resolved or mitigated. Closing an incident allows it to be closed in the tracking system and facilitates key performance metrics (KPIs).

The vulnerability management process requires deep risk information about assets, including their vulnerabilities and their profile. This information can also help prioritize vulnerabilities. Having a 360-degree view of an asset’s OT environment will help determine whether a vulnerability is high or low-risk. The risk prioritization process will be based on a number of factors, including its criticality and security. A comprehensive vulnerability management solution will help you prioritize vulnerabilities.

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